2013在职教育硕士考试英语词汇练习题4

1. The firemen managed to _____ the fire in time.  A. extinguish  B. prevent  C. suppress  D. ruin  [答案] A. extinguish.  [注释] extinguish (=put out) vt. 扑灭 (火焰等) 。Stop the fire虽然也可以搭配, 但按本句题意用extinguish为最佳。  2. What is most obvious in this book are all those details of daily living which make Mrs. Richard _____ common.  A. nothing but  B. anything but  C. above all  D. rather than  [答案] B. anything but.  [注释] anything but (=far from being) 根本不; The boys knew they bad broken the rules, and they were anything but happy when they were called to the office. (=They were unhappy and afraid.) nothing but 只不过; Don't have him for a friend; he's nothing but a criminal. (不要把他当朋友, 他只不过是个罪犯。) I have nothing but two dollars. (我只有2美元。) above all最重要的。rather than 而不是.  3. The car was completely _____ and the driver seriously injured.  A. broken off  B. taken off  C. written off  D. picked up  [答案] C. written off.  [注释] write off报废, 参看III, 200.注释; break off参看III.13.注释; take off参看III.170.注释; pick up参看III.130,129.注释。  4. On this happy occasion, I'd like to say that we are _____ much obliged to you for your kind cooperation.  A. even so  B. ever so  C. as yet  D. so far  [答案] B. ever so.  [注释]ever so (=very) 非常; It's ever so cold.与名词搭配时则用ever such, 如:She's ever such a nice girl. (她是一位非常好的姑娘。) even so (=although that is true, nevertheless; still) 即使如此:The fire was out, but even so, the smell of smoke was strong. (=The fire was out, but the smell was still there.)  5. His new appointment takes _____ from the beginning of next month.  A. place  B. effect  C. post  D. office  [答案] B. effect.  [注释]take effect 生效。

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