2013在职教育硕士考试英语词汇练习题6

1. She was afraid that unless the train speeded up she would lose her _____ to Scotland.  A. ticket  B. place  C. seat  D. connection  [答案] D. connection  [注释] lose one's connection to 误了到......地方去的 (汽车、火车、轮船的) 联运; The train was late and I missed my connection.  2. The ship was _____ in a storm off Jamaica.  A. drowned  B. sunk  C. wrecked  D. submitted  [答案] C. wrecked  [注释] wreck vt. 撞坏, 毁坏; 1) My son wrecked my car. 2) My car was completely wrecked in the accident.  sink vt. 下沉, 沉没, 该动词也可作及物动词用, 意为“使下沉”, 但按本题句意看, 用被动语态不妥。 drown 溺死, 淹死: (vt.) He drowned his wife. (vi) He drowned in the river. (他在河里淹死了。) submit 1) (=put oneself under the control of another) 提交, 呈送 (to) : Should a wife submit herself to her husband? (妻子应顺从他丈夫吗?) 2) (=put forward for option, discussion, decision ect.) 提出 (供评论、讨论决定等) You must submit your request to the committee. 3) (=surrender (to) , give in) 屈服,投降:After being defeated, they submitted to the enemy. (打败后, 他们向敌人投降了。)  3. No one has _____ been able to trace the author of the poem.  A. still  B. yet  C. already  D. just  [答案] B. yet  [注释] yet 常用于现在完成时的否定句中, 意为“尚, 还”。  4. More than one-third of the Chinese in the United States live in California, _____ in San Francisco.  A. previously  B. predominantly  C. practically  D. permanently  [答案] B. predominantly.  [注释] predominantly (=mostly; mainly) 主要地。 previously (=coming earlier in time or order) 先前, 早先; This is better than any solution previously. (这个办法比以前提出的任何解决办法都好。) practically (=really; in a practical way) 实际上。permanently (=going on for a long time) 永久地。  本题译文:在美国, 华人中有三分之一居住在加利福尼亚洲, 其中主要是在旧金山。  5. The new secretary has written a remarkably _____ report only in a few pages but with all the details.  A. concise  B. clear  C. precise  D. elaborate  [答案] A. concise.  [注释] concise (=brief; giving much information in few words) 简明扼要的:He gave a concise report of the meeting. (他对会议作了简明扼要的报道。) clear 清楚的。precise (=exact; correctly stated; free form error) 精确的, 明白无误的; Please tell me the precise measurements. (请告诉我精确的尺寸。) elaborate (=worked out with much care; carefully prepared) 精心制作的, 丰盛的:Peter worked out an elaborate scheme for raising the money. (彼得制定了一项详尽得计划来筹集着笔款项。) 孤立地看, 似乎4个形容词均能修饰report, 但从句子的逻辑关系看, 后半句中有only in a few pages but with all the details, 故concise 是最贴切的选择了。

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