2013在职教育硕士考试英语词汇练习题2

1. I can meet you at eight o'clock; _____ you can call for me.  A. incidentally  B. actually  C. alternatively  D. accordingly  [答案] C. alternatively  [注释]alternatively (=as an alternative) 作为一个替代办法:If however is used, but is not needed; or alternatively omit however. (如果使用however,就不需要but;或者作为一个替代办法省去however。)  [注意]alternately 和 alternatively的区别:alternately (交替地) :At a Chinese dinner, the guests and the hosts sit alternately at a round table.  2. He has the _____ of an athlete: he really goes all out to win.  A. instants  B. instances  C. instincts  D. intelligences  [答案] C. instincts.  [注释] instinct 天生的本领。instant n. 瞬间, 时刻; adj. 立即的, 直接的。如:instant coffee 速溶咖啡; instant food (s) 方便食品。例如:Spaceships are stocked with a variety of instant foods. (宇宙飞船上备有各种个样的方便食品。)  3. A university is an educational institution which _____ degrees and carries out research.  A. rewards  B. awards  C. grants  D. presents  [答案] B. awards.  [注释]awards sb. sth. 授于某人某物。如:They awarded John the first prize. (他们授于约翰一等奖。)  对比:reward sb with sth. 以某物酬谢某人, 须加介词with; They rewarded the boy with $5 for bringing back the lost dog. (他们给这男孩5美元酬谢他把丢失的狗找回来。) grant (=consent to give or allow what is asked for) 同意 (给予) , 答应 (请求) :The firm granted him a pension. (公司同意给予他退休金。) present sb. with sth. 赠送:Our class presented the school with a picture. (我们班给学校送了一幅画。) present 颁发, 呈递:1) The principal will present the diplomas. (校长将颁发文凭。) 2) We shall present a complete report to the Annual Conference. (我们将向年会递交一份全面的报告。)  本题句意是:大学是授予学位和进行研究的教育机构。可见, 本题应选award.  4. The old lady can't hope to _____ her cold in a few days.  A. get over  B. get off  C. hold back  D. hold up  [答案] A. get over  [注释] 参阅III,55注释。  5. Jim's plans to go to college _____ at the last moment.  A. fell out  B. gave away  C. gave off  D. fell through  [答案] D. fell through,未能实现

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